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How to perform CPR on a dog

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is something most people think they can do, but like the Heimlich maneuver, it's very hard to do correctly. It's important not only to time chest pumps and breaths correctly, but also to use just the right amount of pressure on the subject for there to be an impact without causing accidental injuries. But when your dog companion needs CPR? Things get even trickier.
In the 2007 video below, Elaine Acker of Pets America shows how to administer CPR to a canine — but the process has evolved a little since the video's publication, according to its description on YouTube. PetMD marks an important difference in the way CPR should be done depending on your dog's size. Like with babies and adults, you should adapt the area you're applying compressions to to your subject — and, more importantly, the amount of pressure as well.
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If your dog is a puppy or weighs less than 30 pounds, cup your hands together and just use the tips of your fingers, applying compressions at a speed of 100 per minute. On the other hand, if your dog weighs over 30 pounds, use your full palms, one on top of the other, to press down on the dog's rib cage — while still exercising caution. Try to average 80 compressions a minute.
If you're administering CPR to the dog on your own, try to breathe air into its nose every five compressions. If someone is there to help you, have them do it every two or three. If your dog is of the larger variety, it's also recommended to hold the dog's muzzle and keep it shut.
The video below gives a better idea of the way you should administer compressions to your dog — but keep in mind the instructions are no longer up to date with official regulations. It's also worth noting that, by varying your force and intensity accordingly, you can also use this technique for cats who have stopped breathing, the video description says.
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Did you know about this before? Share this valuable information with all your pet-owning friends.
Resources wesmedia and PetMD
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